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Introduction

Nepal is considered as a rich country for water resources. About 225 billion cubic meter water is annually flowing towards the India through the rivers and rivulets. Besides, about 12 billion cubic meter water is annually recharged in the form of groundwater resources especially in the Terai and Inner Terai of Nepal.

At present about 14 million people of the Terai area have been utilizing the groundwater resources for drinking, domestic, livestock, irrigation, industries and domestic purposes. In the same way, about 2 million people of the Kathmandu valley are also depend on groundwater resources for drinking, domestics and industrial purposes.

Therefore, the mentioned facts indicate how the groundwater is important in the country for both in the drinking water as well as in the socio economic development sector also. However, proper utilization and scientific management of the groundwater resources is needed for further development and improvement of socioeconomic condition of the country. Now days, the country is facing both over utilization and under utilization problems.

The urban areas like Kathmandu valley have more utilization problem due to the over extraction of groundwater while the Terai and Inner Terai has less extraction in comparison to its potentiality. In the same way some are utilizing the groundwater for business purpose and others are using for the domestic purposes only.

Thus it is also another issue in the country. The country has not proper legislation and act for utilization, management and conservation of the groundwater. Besides, most of the persons, policy makers, design makers, industrial or common people are not aware about the subject.

The Nepal Hydro geological Association (NHA) involves itself in addressing and solving the mentioned issues in all legal, institutional and policy level.

The “NEPAL HYDROGEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION” was registered on 2067/11/30 BS (March, 14, 2011 AD), Reg. No. 812/2067/068 in District Administration Office of Kathmandu. Its PAN No. is 304960556.The Association has its office in Kathmandu, which is located in the premises of the Ground Water Resources Development Board, Babarmahal, Kathmandu. Presently, the Association has over 90 members encompassing almost all the hydrogeologist of Nepal.